With around 250 churches, Cologne is thought to be the city with the highest density of churches north of the Alps. There are 166 Catholic and 81 Protestant churches as well as numerous places of worship for other faiths. In addition to the twelve Romanesque churches, Cologne boasts five Baroque buildings and many churches from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This selection introduces just a few of the other churches, though all are worth paying a visit.
On Neusser Platz in the Agnes Quarter lies St. Agnes (photo on the left) - the second largest church in the cathedral city. The neo-Gothic hall construction with its flat, powerful façade tower was constructed between 1896 and 1902, giving the quarter in the north of Cologne city centre its name.
Alt St. Heribert
On the banks of the Rhine in the district of Deutz opposite the Old Town stands the original church of the Benedictine Abbey, which was founded by the Archbishop Heribert. The church was almost completely destroyed in 1376, 1393 and again in 1583. In 1659 it was finally completely rebuilt in mid-Gothic style. Following large-scale destruction during the Second World War, Alt St. Heribert was rebuilt again by 1977.
The characteristic brick building by Hans Schilling with a chancel like a ship's bow was completed in 1958 and is situated in the Stadtgarten.
The small, triple-nave arched basilica in the Schildergasse was built between 1360 and 1380. It is a memorial to those killed in the Second World War and houses the "Angel of Death" by Ernst Barlach.
Dominicus Böhm designed the central building, which was completed by 1931 on the Riehler Gürtel, with eight parabolic walls arranged in a circle. The church is referred to as the "lemon squeezer" because of its unusual shape.
St. Mariä Himmelfahrt
The remarkable construction was built in Marzellenstraße between 1618 and 1689 according to a design by Christoph Wamser. Romanesque and Gothic style elements are combined in a Baroque structure. St. Mariä Himmelfahrt is the largest Baroque church in Cologne. The magnificent Baroque interior was restored after the destruction of the war.
St. Mariä Empfängnis Minorite Church
The elegant, triple-nave Gothic basilica in Minoritenstraße was completed in the 14th century. The church is especially significant due to the gravestones of the "father of the journeymen" Adolf Kolping († 1865) and the Scottish Franciscan theologian Duns Scotus († 1308).
The late Gothic parish church of St. Peter was built in the 16th century as a gallery basilica. The high altar picture-"The Crucifixion of St. Peter" by Peter Paul Rubens-is a magnificent work of art that was commissioned specially for this church. Since1987, St. Peter has been used as an exhibition room. It is here that Father Menneke has established one of the most fascinating art locations in Cologne.
The first Protestant church to be built in Cologne was the Trinitatis Church. Built between 1857 and 1860, its style is a sharp contrast to the Catholic churches in Cologne. The Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm IV tasked the architect Friedrich A. Stüler with making it significantly different from the Catholic churches. He therefore chose this late classic style for the Trinitatis Church.
Photos: Joachim Rieger, dapd