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  • Welcome to Cologne

    The world feels at home in Cologne, where people meet for a Kölsch, a chat or simply a laugh. Life in Cologne is vivacious.

  • Take a trip through 2000 years of history and visit cultural monuments from the Roman Empire to modern times.

  • Cologne provides over 250 hotels with a total capacity of more than 26,000 beds.

  • "Drinking a Kölsch is more than just drinking a beer: it´s like drinking an entire culture." (NYT, 5/07)

  • Enjoy the world-famous traditional Cologne Carnival and several top events throughout the year.

  • Prime location in the heart of Europe and exemplary infrastructure also a multitude of highly specialised modern economy.

  • Cologne’s Schildergasse is the most-visited shopping street in Germany.

  • Find accommodation

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  • Eau de Cologne

  • Carnival

Friday, 25-06-2021,

Facts and figures

Cologne has got 1,027,504 inhabitants and an area of 40,517 ha . The highest buildings in cologne are the Colonius Telecommunication Tower (243 m), the Cologne Cathedral (157 m), Axa-Building (155 m), Media Park Köln Tower (148 m), LVR-Tower (103 m). The oldest building is the Ubii monument, built 4/5 AD. The highest elevation is in the Königsforst (118 m), a forest in the East of the city. Its extension is from East to West 27,6 km and from North to South 28,1 km. It has got nine great Municipal districts (Chorweiler, Ehrenfeld, Innenstadt, Kalk, Lindenthal, Mülheim, Nippes, Porz, Rodenkirchen) and 86 quarters, known as "Veedel" in Cologne dialect.

Around 4500 BC   First indications of a permanent settlement
After mid-first century BCFounding of the "Oppidum Ubiorum" by the Romans
16 ADBirth of Agrippina the Younger in the "Oppidum Ubiorum"
Around 17 AD  After Roman plans to conquer Greater Germania were abandoned, the Rhine was finally established as a boundary.
50 ADUpon the insistence of Agrippina, the "Oppidum Ubiorum" was made a colony by her husband, Emperor Claudius. The city was named Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensis (CCAA).
85 AD  Provincial capital of Germania Inferior
Around 310The Castellum Divitia fort (nowadays Deutz) is built on the right bank of the Rhine connected by a fixed bridge over the river to the Cologne side
Around 450Final collapse of Roman rule in the Rhineland, followed by the reign of the Franks
795The Cologne Bishop Hildebold - Charlemagne's arch-chaplain—is appointed as the first Archbishop of Cologne
9th century The "Old Cathedral" is built
By mid-10th centuryInitial expansion of the city incorporating the Rhine suburban district
1074The first rebellion against the reign of Archbishop Anno II by citizens of Cologne is brutally put down
1106 Emperor Heinrich IV transfers military sovereignty to Cologne. The city is extended for a second time.
1135 First reference to the town hall in Cologne
1164Transfer of the relics of the Three Kings from Milan in the aftermath of Friedrich I's crusade, in which Cologne Archbishop Rainald von Dassel was involved
1179/1182 The first Mayors are mentioned on record
1180Third expansion of the city of Cologne, which becomes the largest city in the empire   with around 40,000 inhabitants
1221First settlements of Franciscans and Dominicans in Cologne
Around 1220Initial plans to rebuild the Cathedral are delayed due to murder of the Cologne Archbishop Engelbert I
15.8.1248Archbishop Conrad of Hochstadt lays the foundation stone for the new Cathedral
Mid-13th centuryFirst attempts are made to overthrow the Archbishop as town lord
1259Archbishop Conrad awards Cologne the 'staple right', a trading privilege from which the     people of Cologne benefited for centuries
5.6.1288In the Battle of Worringen, the Archbishop finally loses power over the city of Cologne. The Archbishopric Cologne remains under his rule.
1322Consecration of the Cathedral chancel
1370sFirst conflicts within the city between the guilds (craftsmen) and the patricians (upper class families)
21.05.1388Founding of Cologne University by Pope Urban VI in Perugia (first city university in Germany)
1396The first city constitution (Verbundbrief) is announced. The political corporations and the guilds assume power.
1424Final expulsion of the Jews
1475Emperor Friedrich III officially elevates Cologne to the rank of Free Imperial Town
1531Anton Woensam creates a view of Cologne, one of the first monumental views of a city (besides Venice and Antwerp).
25.2.1547The Cologne Archbishop Hermann V von Wied, who converted to Protestantism, resigns
1553Founding of the Cologne Stock Exchange, one of the oldest in the world
Around 1520Building of the Cathedral is suspended
1571Arnold Mercator creates a bird's eye view of the city
1582The Cologne Archbishop Gebhard I Truchsess von Waldburg converts to Protestantism and attempts to introduce freedom of religion in the Archbishopric
1582–1588Gebhard I Truchsess fails in the Truchsess War and abdicates
1584Bonn falls to Ernest of Bavaria. This marks the start of the rule of the Wittelsbachers as Archbishops and Electoral Princes of Cologne
1618–1648During the Thirty Years' War, the Cologne City Council succeeds in retaining neutrality. This means that Cologne is spared greater damage but there is a reduction in national trade as a result.
1660A town troop is assembled and given the nickname "Funken" (sparks). By 1707, it is made up of around 380 men. The present-day carnival associations "Red Sparks" and   "Blue Sparks" hark back to these roots.
1680–1686Nikolaus Gülich, a band and manufacturing trader, revolts against the corrupt city government. After initial success he loses power and is beheaded.
Around 1700 Start of the production of the famous "Eau de Cologne"
1723–1761 Clemens August, important patron and building owner in the bishopric, is the last Wittelsbacher to become Archbishop.
1784Highest known flood in Cologne. The water reaches the Alter Markt and the Heumarkt, there are 35 fatalities in the city and Mülheim suffers widespread destruction.
06.10.1794   French Revolution troops seize Cologne This signifies the end of the era for the Free Imperial Town of Cologne
1801The people of Cologne become French citizens
1802Christoph Winters founds the Hännesche Theatre
1814The French withdraw after having lost the Battle of Leipzig
1815The Rhineland is given to Prussia due to a resolution by the Congress of Vienna
1818By royal decree, Rhenish law (Napoleonic Code) can be retained until 1899. It is considerably more advanced than the Prussian legal system
20.06.1819Jacob (Jacques) Offenbach is born in Cologne (moves to Paris in 1833)
1823First Rose Monday parade is organised by the new festival committee
1833Ernst Friedrich Zwirner (employee of Schinkel) is appointed master builder of the Cathedral († 1861).
1835The Rhineland Railways are founded
1839Franz Stollwerck founds a company that later becomes the chocolate factory.
1842Building work recommences on Cologne Cathedral
1847Franz Millewitsch (later Millowitsch) founds a puppet theatre in Deutz
1855–1859The central railway station is built on the site of the present-day main station and the predecessor to the Hohenzollern Bridge (nicknamed "mouse trap") is built.
1860Cologne Zoo opens
1876Nikolaus August Otto invents the four-stroke engine
1877The "Halver Hahn" (rye bread roll with cheese) is "invented"
1880The Cathedral is completed
1881Work begins to demolish the city wall and extend the city
1898The Rheinau port opens
1917Konrad Adenauer becomes Lord Mayor
1920Cologne's fortifications are blown up, though at Adenauer's request certain elements are retained and integrated into the new green belt.
1922The Kölner Messegesellschaft (Cologne Trade Fair company) is founded
1923The Müngersdorf Stadion is opened (now known as the RheinEnergieStadion)
1926The Rhine Park is created
1926After British withdrawal, Butzweilerhof Airport is used for civil purposes and becomes        the "aviation hub of the west"
1927Westdeutsche Rundfunk AG (predecessor to WDR) goes into operation
26.10.1929  Konrad Adenauer lays the foundation stone for the reconstruction of the university
1930Henry Ford and Konrad Adenauer lay the foundation stone for a new car factory in Niehl
1933After coming to power, the National Socialists remove Konrad Adenauer from his position as Lord Mayor
1942–1945Cologne is destroyed; almost 90 percent of the Old Town is destroyed and around 72 percent of the entire city area
1946The lawyer Josef Haubrich donates his impressive collection of modern art to the city of Cologne
1948The Deutz Bridge opens. After the war it is the first bridge to be rebuilt in Germany and the most modern bridge in Europe at that time
18.05.1957 Opening of the opera house
1963Work starts on the construction of the underground rail network
1967Cologne hosts the first worldwide art fair (known as "ART COLOGNE" since 1984).
04.03.1974The Romano-Germanic Museum opens
1975The population of Cologne exceeds one million as a result of local boundary reforms
1981The "Colonius" telecommunications tower is opened
1982–1986The Rhineshore Tunnel and the Rheingarten park above are completed
1985"Year of the Romanesque Churches": the twelve Romanesque churches in the Old           Town are largely rebuilt 40 years after the end of the war.
06.09.1986Opening of the Wallraf-Richartz Museum/Museum Ludwig
14.09.1986 Opening of the Kölner Philharmonie concert hall
11.06.1989Opening of the Museum of Applied Art
31.10.1993Opening of the Chocolate Museum
17.10.1998Opening of the Kölnarena (now the LANXESS Arena)
1999Cologne hosts the Summit of the European Council and the G8 states
2001Work begins on redesigning the Rheinau port
June 2002The Cologne–Frankfurt ICE high-speed line (177 km) is completed.
September 2002Work begins on building the North-South city underground line
Spring 2004The final section of the Media Park is completed.
March 2004The new RheinEnergieStadion is opened on the site of the old Müngersdorf Stadion.
June 2005   FIFA Confederations Cup 2005
August 2005The 20th World Youth Day takes place in Cologne. Pope Benedict XVI visits Cologne
June 2006Five matches of the 2006 FIFA World Cup Germany™ are played at the RheinEnergieStadion
January 2007    Cologne hosts the XX Handball World Cup Championship in the Kölnarena (now the LANXESS Arena).
June 2007Over one million people participate in the 31st German Protestant Church Congress
November 2008World Cyber Games
07–23.05.2010 Ice Hockey World Championship
31.07.–07.08.2010  Gay Games VIII Cologne 2010
Jan - Dec 2011The Clapper of the St. Peter's Bell in the Cologne Cathedrale was broken. On Decembere, 2nd a new clapper was ready.

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